Christ's victory over death and sin at the cross is one of the most important doctrines in the Christian faith. Today the cross is no longer a symbol of death, but instead a reminder of this triumph and the hope that we're promised.
Over time, a large number of designs have developed around the cross. The Latin cross is the simplest and most common form of the Christian cross, possibly dating from the second or third century. It is comprised of two cross beams, with the vertical being longer.
The name of the Calvary cross, sometimes referred to as the stepped cross, comes from Calvary, another name for Golgotha, the place outside of Jerusalem where Christ was crucified. It is a Latin cross sitting on a pedestal of three graduated steps. These steps leading up to the cross represent the mound at Calvary, or in descending order they represent Faith, based upon Hope, based upon Love.